Akamai Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ: AKAM), the leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide secure, high-performing user experiences on any device, anywhere, has released its Third Quarter, 2011 State of the Internet report, based on data gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform. The report provides insight into key India statistics such as Internet penetration, mobile traffic and data consumption, global and regional connection speeds, and observed attack traffic.
India Broadband Adoption Trends
Commenting on the report, Sanjay Singh, Senior Vice President & General Manager – Asia Pacific and Japan & Managing Director – India, Akamai Technologies, said, “Akamai is in a unique position to measure and analyze unique trends in this hyperconnected world and it is exciting to see broadband adoption in the country touching the 10% threshold. Increasing hyper-connectivity and steady growth in connection speeds across India will bring new business models and reach for organizations in every industry – from media to mining, from financial services to manufacturing, from commerce to logistics.”
In the current report, the average connection speed in India was recorded at 0.9 Mbps, a sequential quarterly growth of 12%. In comparison, China’s average connection speed was at 1.4 Mbps and India remains the only measured country in Asia with average connection speeds below 1 Mbps. The global average connection speed by comparison grew by 4.5% to 2.7 Mbps.
Akamai also found that Hyderabad and Chennai were the fastest Indian cities in India with average connection speeds of 1.5 Mbps and 1.2 Mbps. The report also finds that average connection speeds in New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Kolkata were at 0.8 Mbps, 0.8 Mbps, 1.1 Mbps, and 1.1 Mbps, respectively.
Indian broadband (>2 Mbps) adoption finally touched the 10% threshold, growing 45% quarter-over-quarter, while high broadband (>5 Mbps) adoption was at 0.6%, growing at 46% quarter-over-quarter.
Attack Traffic from India and across Asia
During the third quarter of 2011, attack traffic originated from 195 unique countries or regions, up from 192 in the second quarter. India ranked #8 in terms of global attack traffic origination with 3.7% of global attacks originating from India.
Sanjay Singh added, “While we continue to see security threats dampening some of the enthusiasm in the report, we believe the opportunities outweigh the risks for businesses in the region to leverage the hyperconnectivity era for both efficiency and competitive advantage.”
Akamai has recorded a 2000 percent increase in the number of DDoS attack incidents it has investigated on behalf of customers over the last three years. Additionally, observations by Akamai indicate that port-based attacks are still prevalent and being launched from around the globe. While the origin of this observed attack traffic could be individuals searching for easily compromised systems or botnets looking to recruit new participants, the observations indicate an ongoing need for solid network and systems hygiene to help prevent further system compromise and infection. The growing sophistication and intensity of Web-based attacks and the ongoing prevalence of port-based attacks highlight both the importance of online security, and the need for a defense-in-depth strategy.
Akamai also found that Asia’s attack traffic origination share grew slightly from 47% in Q2 to 49% in Q3. Indonesia vaulted to the top of the list this quarter, generating 14 percent of observed attack traffic. Taiwan and China held the second and third place spots, respectively, accounting for just under 20 percent of observed attack traffic combined. Myanmar, which suddenly appeared at the top of the list in the prior two quarters, disappeared just as suddenly, potentially indicating that attack traffic has either been shut down, or is now coming from other places. With Myanmar dropping out of the top 10 list, South Korea moved in. The country more than tripled its observed level of attack traffic, representing 3.8 percent in the third quarter. Attack traffic originating in Europe was down slightly to 28 percent; North & South America accounted for nearly 19 percent; and the remaining 4 percent came from Africa.
Top Ports for Global Attack Traffic
Attack traffic concentration declined slightly from the second quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing 68 percent of observed attack traffic. Attacks targeting Port 80 (WWW/HTTP) dropped by about a third as compared to the second quarter, while attacks targeting Port 23 (Telnet) grew by almost the same amount. The growth in attacks targeting Port 23 is likely due to attacks apparently sourced in Egypt and South Korea – in Egypt there were over 18x as many attacks targeting Port 23, and in South Korea, nearly 4x as many attacks as the next most targeted port, which was Port 445 in both countries. Reviewing observed attack traffic from known mobile networks, overall attack traffic concentration declined from the prior quarter, with the top 10 countries generating 76 percent of observed attacks. The list of top ports targeted remained consistent with the second quarter, with Port 445 remaining the target of an overwhelming majority of observed attacks as compared to the other ports in the top 10.